Foreclosure Article


WHAT IF I RENT A HOUSE THAT'S IN FORECLOSURE - The Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act

 The Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act

This law expired on December 31, 2014

 

IMPORTANT PLEASE READ: The Federal Law, Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act, expired and is no longer valid as of December 31, 2014. While there were some attempts in the House to revive this law in 2015 none have been successful. Arizona State Law, A.R.S § 33-1331, gives tenants of foreclosed properties some limited protections; information about these protections can be found in this article. This article remains on AZLawHelp.org purely for historical value for those interested in how the Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act operated from 2009 through 2014.

There are legal protections for tenants renting a house that is in or goes into foreclosure. The Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act (PTFA) was passed by Congress signed into law by the President Obama in 2009; subsequently the law was extended in 2010. The PTFA expired on December 31, 2014. The PTFA, depending on the facts in a particular situation, requires that renters in foreclosed homes be allowed to stay or given sufficient notice under the law.

  

Who qualifies for protection under the PTFA?

The tenant protection provisions apply in the case of any foreclosure on a “federally related mortgage loan” or on any dwelling or residential real property. The tenant must also be “bona fide.” A lease or tenancy is “bona fide” only if:

  1. The mortgagor or a child, spouse, or parent of the mortgagor under the contract is not the tenant;

  2. The lease or tenancy was the product of an arm’s-length transaction; and

  3. The lease or tenancy requires the receipt of rent that is not substantially less than fair market rent or the rent is reduced or subsidized due to a federal, state, or local subsidy.

In other words the lease must be made with another person and not with oneself and the rent payments must be a fair amount for the property that is not supplemented by the government.

  

When do renters in foreclosed homes get to stay and when do they have to leave?

Renters Get to Stay IF:

Renters get to stay for the duration of the lease, if all of the following requirements are met:

  1. There is a valid lease (not the end of the lease term),

  2. The lease was signed before receiving notice of foreclosure (whether judicial foreclosure or trustee sale), and

  3. The new owner does not intend to occupy the property as a primary residence.

Renters Cannot Stay But Must Be Given Notice IF:

In most other situations, the renters will have to leave, once the foreclosure is complete, and upon receiving 90 days notice from the new owner. The common situations where a renter will have to vacate after the foreclosure upon receiving notice are:

  • Renters must vacate if there is a valid lease and they had notice of foreclosure before signing the lease; or

  • Renters must vacate if there is a valid lease, and even if there was no notice of foreclosure but the new owner intends to occupy the property as a primary residence; or

  • Renters must vacate if there is no valid lease, including where a lease expires and the renter is paying month-to-month. 

Why does the law end December 31, 2014?

The law has what is called a sunset provision, meaning it has an expiration date. The original date was extended in the “Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act”, so that the law will be repealed on December 31. 2014. When laws are written, the legislative body writing the law may set a date of when that law will end, referred to as a “sunset” clause or provision (Note: Not all laws have sunset provisions, it is not required). The PTFA is a federal law, Congress would have to authorize and extension or make the law permanent and the President would have to sign it into law.

 

 

Source:  See 12 U.S.C. 5220 or search the US Code online with the US House of Representatives website. For additional information see the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau website.


Comments:

QUESTIONS

  • IF MY HOME WAS FORCLOSED ON. WITG LENDER STATING I WAS DEFAULTED ON PAYMNTS MY OAYMNTS WERE CURRENT. AND SITTING IN THE SUSPENSE ACCOUNT MONTHS OF BATH N FORTH CONTACTED BBB. CONTACTED3 ON UR SIDE ..HAVE EVRY PROOF OF DOCUMENT...THEERE WAS A MINOR INCOME REDUCTION. FOR FEW WEEKS BUT NOT ONCE MISSED OUR MORGAGE PAYMNTS.THEY KEPT SEMDING US THESE DEFAULT LETTER S 100'S OF DOLLAR SPENDINH FAXING PROOF MAILIG EXPRESS MAIL. ...SPEAKING WITH EVERY GAVECONFLICTED INFO. SO I SEND AMT THY TOLLD ME TO SND BY WU.NEVR DID I GET PAPAERS MY HOME WAS IN FORCLOSURE PROCESS OR SRVD ANTHNG & KEPT AL OUR STUF
  • After foreclosure involving a single family residence the new owner filed an unlawful detainer action against the tenants who had no rental agreement after serving them with a 90 day notice to quit. The tenants refuse to move and have not paid rent.They only had a month to month oral agreement with the former owner. One of the tenants claims that he is on parole and cannot be evicted. Is this a valid defense to the UD action?
  • the house i live in is being forclosed on, i am the rentee. can i stay in the house for the term of the lease
  • How can I get back my property I sold to someone (deed of trust) who promised to pay me monthly for 30 years arrangement, but become delinquent in payments? How to foreclose it from home owner? Does home owner covered by AZ anti-deficiency law?
  • I would like to know where and how to apply for an intake. I have a CIC # and have contacted the Attorney Genrals office. I filled out and submitted my situationon line on this website in early May,my husband and I have not heard back from it. Can you pleae advise ? Thank you.
  • My now husband bought a home in 2007 at the peak of the market (before we were married). We can no longer afford the house payment and are now married but only his name still exists on the title. If he forecloses on the home, will both our credit be affected although we got married after he bought the home and the title is still only in his name?
  • I own a property, not my main residence, that was part of a 2010 C7 bankruptcy. We reaffirmed and kept the property. We have made all of the payments since, but in the past year our finances have declined. We have tried to rent the property without much success and we have paid over $6000 above the properties income to maintain it. It is empty again and we simply cannot continue to pay the mortgage and HOA any more. It is worth about what I owe. Can I allow the property to go to foreclosure or short sale after being part of a bankruptcy?
  • The home I'm renting (leased through August 2015) was foreclosed on and there's a new owner. Do I have to pay rent to the new owner if I'm leaving in 6 weeks? Or do they have to give me an eviction notice? The new owner is demanding rent, but she doesn't have the deed yet, just a proof of purchase receipt.
  • My home is scheduled for foreclosure and trustee sale on 4/19/11.I've requested a loan mod and attempting to do a short sale but time is running out.If my home is foreclosed, how much time do I have B4 I 'm evicted and if the shortsale goes through,do I have to pay taxes on the forgiven debt or do I qualify under the Mortgage Forgiveness Debt Relief Act
  • Need mediator immediately= have been fruitlessly looking with no success . HOA looking to foreclose on me..........illegal fines never served to me= I am sure you know the scenario as it is very common now a days. Senior on disability and they go after us as they know we have no one to help us due to finances. If you know of ANYONE please let me know......602-705-3326 So far they have stolen 2 peoples homes that were disabled= one had sold her income property to pay them off then they continued to harass her & she had a stroke. Another women ended up on o2 due to black mold from roof leak th

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