Landlord and Tenant Rights and Responsibilities Article


Arizona Residential Landlord and Tenant Act

This article provides an overview of the Arizona Residential Landlord and Tenant Act and the references cited are to the applicable portion of the Arizona Revised Statutes. This information is provided for apartment and home rentals. The rules for renting a mobile home or a space for a mobile are similar but are not covered by the Arizona Residential Landlord and Tenant Act. Mobile home parks are governed by a different set of statutes that can be found at A.R.S. §§ 33-1401 - 33-1501.

A Landlord Cannot do certain things under the Act

While a landlord can bill separately for utilities, he/she cannot make a tenant to sign a lease that requires a tenant to waive any rights under Arizona law. A.R.S. §§ 33-1314.01 & 33-1315. It is also illegal for a landlord to allow someone to live in a residence rent free in return for the landlord not maintaining the property. A.R.S. § 33-1316. In addition, a landlord cannot refuse to rent a residence on the basis that the potential tenant has children. A.R.S. § 33-1317. Landlords must also register with the county assessor. A.R.S. § 33-1902.

From the tenant’s perspective, perhaps the most important thing to remember is that a tenant has a duty to pay rent and to pay that rent on time. If a tenant fails to do so, the landlord will likely bring an eviction action. There is no provision in Arizona law that allows a tenant to withhold rent because the landlord is being disagreeable or because a landlord broke oral promises to a tenant. Except as is explained below, a tenant may not withhold rent.  In order to better protect your rights, keep copies of all payments and notices exchanged between your landlord and yourself. Additionally, require your landlord to put all agreements in a writing s/he signs and dates. If you anticipate a problem, try to get additional evidence, such as witnesses or photographs.

Tenant Obligations 

In addition to the obligation to pay rent on time, a tenant must do the following under Arizona law. A.R.S. §§ 33-1341 & 33-1344.

  •  Keep the residence clean and safe
  • Remove and dispose of trash
  • Keep all plumbing fixtures clean
  • Use electrical appliances, heating and air-conditioning systems and plumbing in a reasonable manner
  • Not deliberately or negligently damage the property or allow someone else to do so
  • Unless agreed otherwise, use the property only as a residence

Access by Landlord to the Residence A.R.S. § 33-1343 

A tenant cannot unreasonably withhold consent to the landlord to enter the residence in order to inspect the premises or make repairs. Unless there is an emergency or unless it is impracticable to do so, the landlord must give the tenant at least two days notice that he is going to enter the residence. The landlord can only enter at reasonable times. 

Landlord Obligations 

A landlord is required to do the following under Arizona law. A.R.S. §§ 33-1322 – 1324.

  • Provide the tenant with the name and address of the property’s owner and manager
  • Provide the tenant with a free copy of the Arizona Landlord and Tenant Act
  • Provide the tenant with a signed copy of the lease
  • Provide the tenant with possession of the residence
  • Comply with applicable building codes
  • Make necessary repairs so that the residence is habitable
  • Keep common areas clean
  • Maintain all electrical, plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning equipment
  • Provide for the removal of trash
  • Supply running water and reasonable amounts of hot water

 Security Deposits A.R.S. § 33-1321 

A landlord can require that the tenant make a security deposit to cover any potential damages made to the property. The amount of the security deposit cannot be more than one and one-half month’s rent. Upon move-in, the landlord is required to furnish the tenant with a signed copy of the lease, a form documenting any damages to the property, and written notification that the tenant may be present at the move out inspection. However, the tenant is required to ask the landlord when the move out inspection will occur. If a tenant requests the security deposit back after he has moved out, the landlord must return it or provide an itemized list of all of the deductions taken for property damage and the balance of the deposit within 14 days. If the landlord fails to do so, the tenant can file suit in a justice court and recover twice the amount wrongfully withheld. 

Tenant Options if Landlord Fails to Comply 

Self-Help for Minor Defects A.R.S. § 33-1363

If a landlord fails to make repairs and the problem can be fixed for either less than $300 or an amount equal to one-half of the monthly rent (whichever is greater), the tenant can notify the landlord of his intention to repair the problem at the landlord’s expense. The notification should be in writing. If the landlord does not fix the problem within 10 days from receiving the notice, the tenant can hire a licensed contractor, submit a repair bill to the landlord, and deduct the cost of the work from his rent. This provision does not apply if the damage was caused by the tenant or one of his guests. 

Failure to Supply Essential Services A.R.S. § 33-1364 

If a landlord fails to provide running water, gas and/or electrical service, or fails to provide reasonable amounts of hot water, heat and/or cooling, then the tenant may give notice to the landlord that he is in breach of the lease. At that point, the tenant has one of the following three options:

Option One: The tenant can arrange for utilities on his own and deduct the cost from the rent. With the utility company’s approval, a tenant group or group of tenants can pay a landlord’s delinquent utility bill and deduct that amount from their rent.

Option Two: The tenant can file suit and recover damages based on the decreased fair rental value of the residence.

Option Three: The tenant can find substitute housing (e.g. a motel) during the period of the landlord’s noncompliance. If this occurs, the tenant is excused from paying rent for as long as the landlord does not provide the essential service. 

Other Noncompliance by the Landlord A.R.S. § 33-1361 

If the landlord fails to comply with the lease in a material way, the tenant can deliver a written notice to the landlord explaining the failure and stating that the lease will terminate in 10 days. If the landlord’s noncompliance is materially affecting the tenant’s health and safety, then the same notice can state that the lease will end in 5 days. There are two exceptions. First, if the problem can be fixed before the date specified on the notice, then the lease will continue. Second, the problem cannot have been cause by the tenant or his guest.

Military Orders and Lease Provisions 

Under the Service Members’ Civil Relief Act, a military member can break his lease upon receipt of Permanent Change of Station orders or upon receipt of orders deploying him for at least 90 days. 50 App. U.S.C.A. § 535(a). If one of those events occurs, then the landlord cannot refuse to allow the military tenant to leave. This provision of federal law also applies to any of the military member’s family members who may have responsibility under the lease. 50 App. U.S.C.A. § 535(a)(2). A military tenant who is either moving or being deployed is still responsible for any reasonable repair costs to the residence beyond normal wear and tear.

To terminate a lease under this law, the military member must provide the landlord with written notice and a copy of the orders. 50 App. U.S.C.A. § 535(c)(1)(A). The military member can either deliver this notice in person or mail it certified mail, return receipt requested, to his landlord. 50 App. U.S.C.A. § 535(c)(2).

As a general rule, the only defense to an allegation of nonpayment of rent is that the rent was actually paid, in the manner and in the amount provided in the lease.


Comments:

On 5/1/09
Melanie said
I am a landlady and have been for 30 years - also I am a realtor. I am often appalled at the stories I hear of bad landlords. Some of the things they do or not do are just unconsionable. The Landlord/Tenant act is your friend - it is fair law.

On 10/8/07
Laurel said
I also have a serious scorpion problem. My husband has already been stung and we incurred a hospital bill because of it and we have an 18 month old son who constantly has scorpions around him in his play area and where he sleeps. What can we do?

On 10/6/07
Nancy said
my landlord never gave me electric bills for 6 months and is now suing me the amount plus costs? What can i do. I did ask manager each month about the bill

On 8/22/07
steph said
I have a serious scorpion problem also. I need to break my lease what can we do

On 8/10/07
MICHELLE  said
I MOVED IN TO LAS MONTA√ĎAS APTS. ABOUT 6MONTHS AGO AND I HAVE BEEN TRYING TO GET THEM TO FIX TO FIX THE APPLIENCES THAT ARE LISTED ON THE LEASE THEY WILL NOT HELP , CAN I TERMINATE THE LEASE?

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QUESTIONS

  • I am the landlord and the water heater caused extensive water damage. The tenant broke her hip ( not as a result to the damage) and she is now under 24 hour care due to her mental state.83 years old I am being pressured to pay for her full time care while the house is being repaired. What is my responsibility for her living conditions while the house is being repaired?
  • What rights do tenants have that are renting a house that has forclosed now that the Protection Act expired on December 31, 2014?
  • Can a landlord charge a utilities overuse charge when you live in a weekly rental all utilities paid. And if not can you provide AZ. Statute.
  • I sublet an office space that was given to me from my parents to use for ministry. The person moved in on The 7th and because he hadn't meet the owner wanted a full refund stating I fluently rented it, yet still is occupying the space as of today and refuses to turn in keys or move her things. She signed a month to month lease on July 7th. Do I owe her the money back and if not how do I get her out?
  • Iinherited my mothers house and itis alreadyin my name, but her estate is still in probate. I was also appointed personal rep bymy mother. the problem I'm having ismy youngest sister will not leave my house. She even has other people livingthere with her. The house still has all of my mothers assets in it, my sis chgd locks and I cannot enter any longer. How can I get her out?
  • Landlord has an outstanding water bill and City of Tucson Water will not allow me to put water in my name until his is paid. In the meantime we have been with out water for two days and have a baby in the house and I don't know what to do? Can anyone help?
  • I have had a roof leak for 3 months, gradually worsening despite the manager's claim if was repaired. I have photo documentation as well as emails. I'm done begging, I want to break my lease and move...should I send a 10 day notice of landlord noncompliance? I'm also worried about mold. thanks, Mike
  • If you moved into a property, but never sighned a lease agreement, can you be evicted?
  • My house was burglarized and entry was gained through a broken window. I have contacted my landlord 48 ago, and have received no response. How long does she have to respond to making repairs?
  • The home we are renting is set to go to Trustee Auction at the end of this month. The "Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act" expired 12/31/2014. What are my rights as a tenant now that this has expired. Can I be evicted without notice..do I still have to receive ample notice if the new owner wishes to occupy the home?

STORIES

  • I just helped my mother, age 89, deal with her Medicare HMO. . .
  • If you get a divorce, make sure your date of birth is on the Decree if your name is changing!. . .
  • I just helped my mother, age 89, deal with her Medicare HMO. . .

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  • State Bar of Arizona
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    Referral number 520-623-4625
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